W C37 Cape wind: money, celebrity, class, politics, and the battle for our energy future on Nantucket Sound Williams, Wendy, A American energy: the renewable path to energy security Worldwatch Institute. P4 C Disaster on the horizon: high stakes, high risks, and the story behind the Deepwater well blowout Cavnar, Bob, C73 A cubic mile of oil: realities and options for averting the looming global energy crisis Crane, Hewitt D. E24 The color of oil: the history, the money and the politics of the world's biggest business Economides, Michael J.
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F58 The seaweed rebellion: federal-state conflicts over offshore energy development Fitzgerald, Edward A. F73 Oil in troubled waters: perceptions, politics, and the battle over offshore drilling Freudenburg, William R. G56 Drill here, drill now, pay less: a handbook for slashing gas prices and solving our energy crisis Gingrich, Newt.
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H64 Why we hate the oil companies: straight talk from an energy insider Hofmeister, John. J84 The tyranny of oil: the world's most powerful industry--and what we must do to stop it Juhasz, Antonia. A4 P65 The political economy of oil in Alaska: multinationals vs. O34 Offshore lands: oil and gas leasing and conservation on the outer continental shelf Mead, Walter J. O Oil and ideology: the cultural creation of the American petroleum industry Olien, Roger M.
P47 B American theocracy: the peril and politics of radical religion, oil, and borrowed money in the 21st century Phillips, Kevin P. Lee Howard Lee , C2 S65 An ocean of oil: a century of political struggle over petroleum off the California coast Sollen, Robert. A2 T34 Lives per gallon: the true cost of our oil addiction Tamminen, Terry. P4 U62 Deep water: the Gulf oil disaster and the future of offshore drilling: recommendations United States. P4 U6 Deep water: the Gulf oil disaster and the future of offshore drilling: report to the President United States.
K86 The long emergency: surviving the converging catastrophes of the twenty-first century Kunstler, James Howard TD Howard Thomas , TD E Energy law and sustainable development Bradbrook, Adrian J. Peter William , HD O34 Sustainable energy roadmaps: guiding the global shift to domestic renewables Ochs, Alexander TD P46 The clean tech revolution: discover the top trends, technologies, and companies to watch Pernick, Ron TJ James Carrick , TP R42 Red, white, and green: transforming U.
K36 The renewable revolution: how we can fight climate change, prevent energy wars, revitalize the economy, and transition to a sustainable future Kamal, Sajed, TP We must consider the costs related to the amount of water used by various types of energy and the threat to the health of our water system by various types of energy. Such studies must be conducted by neutral parties-not funded by stakeholders in the industries. Affordability:We must consider not only the initial investment in infrastructure, but the long-term costs for the various types of energy.
For example, although the investment in solar and wind will be high initially, the cost of using these energy sources will decrease with time, because the sources of the energy are free.
As noted at the February forum, electricity is being produced in Holland, Michigan, for 4. On the other hand, the cost of coal, oil, and gas in the future is unknown and could be very expensive, especially if environmental penalties or fees EPA violation penalties or carbon-tax fees are imposed for using such sources.
We must also consider the cost of health problems caused by the various types of energy. When considering whether solar and wind are as affordable as fossil fuels, we must consider the health and environmental costs of using fossil fuels. As noted at the February forum, we spend 1.
Ending Dirty Energy Policy
These externalities or un-priced consequences must be considered; otherwise, the cost comparison is not accurate. Even without the threat of fees and penalties for using fossil fuels, the price of coal, oil, and gas are unpredictable and could soar in the future. Further, we should consider whether the money spent on the various types of energy can be spent here in Michigan or whether the money must necessarily go outside of our state.
For example, money paid for coal and oil go outside of Michigan, whereas we could develop our own solar and wind in dustries. As noted at the February forum, Michigan already has solar supply firms and we are 4th in solar jobs. Additionally, we have wind supply firms and we are first in clean energy patents. Energy Efficiency: We should also focus on energy efficiency and optimization. Energy efficiency is the most cost effective way to keep costs down, because it can postpone the need to build new power plants.
Michigan should move away from non renewable energy and start to manufacture and sell renewable energy. For this to be a viable option for consumers lawmakers need to draft strong legislation to support renewable energy initiatives. There is a great deal of information about the negative effects of wind farms and we have done no studies on the primary potential negative effects of putting wind farms in Lake Michigan.
Lake Michigan wind farm problems. Make sure the negative economic and quality of life issues are considered for windmills placed in tourist areas i. Lets not destroy what God had given us as a natural resource for this State.
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GLREA has members throughout Michigan and many are small businesses that sell and install solar and wind energy systems. It is important to emphasize that any state energy policy or utility planning should put energy efficiency first. Energy efficiency is our cleanest, most reliable, and cost effective energy option.
GLREA believes that renewable energy resources complement energy efficiency and other energy resources and that state energy policy and utility planning should take into account the many benefits that come from a greater use of renewable energy resources. As Michigan moves forward with an Energy Plan for the future, provisions energy education must be included to help Michigan citizens and decision makers make informed decisions on energy purchase and policy.
Two things: In , Under Public Act , Michigan changed the oversight process for rate increases submitted by utilities. As more renewable generators come on line, infrastructure and grid-integration challenges will become more important issues that have the potential to constrain the industry's future growth unless they are adequately addressed.
Therefore, we would suggest establishing the following as the goals of a Michigan energy plan and collecting and analyzing data on how our state can best achieve those goals: 1. Wolverine believes that Michigan's energy policy must facilitate transmission reliability, power supply affordability and promote economic growth in our state. Wolverine appreciates the opportunity to participate in the Ensuring Michigan's Energy Future forum and looks forward to continued dialogue in the coming months with the Michigan Public Service Commission, the Michigan Economic Development Corporation, policy makers and other participants.
Please stop letting this happen to Michigan Residents. No buffer zone is recommended in the report. Wind developers may "nominate" an area for development that is within miles from shore. We need to ask how can we shift development of electric generation to distributed non-extracted, and non-combustible resources. How can this be done? What are the successful models? Do we need to reinvent the wheel? Deregulation has no ability to change the structural drivers for electric rates. Deregulated states still have higher rates than regulated states and the gap between them has existed for the past 15 years.
Regarding energy efficiency, again, let the market do the work. End the subsidy we're now paying for EE programs.
Energy | U.S. Department of the Interior
So, let the unsubsidized market decide our generation mix and how we decide our EE investments, and let's agree the Clean Air Act worked. If renewables made financial sense, the then market would gravitate towards that economic motivation, without intervention by the state". However, studies by independent experts have concluded that the state as a whole will lose jobs due to wind energy development". Those are the considerations that state and local legislators should be focusing on. Also, the moral dilemmas with regard to a warming world should be considered.
The levelized cost of electricity reports from the Energy Information Administration have ignored many of the relevant costs, including the costs which variable generation sources impose on dispatchable sources in the system, the cost of the additional transmission lines required by remote variable generation sources, and the losses associated with such transmission lines.
Do the favored technologies save money?
No, because otherwise utilities would have adopted them without mandates. Do the favored technologies bring overseas jobs back the U. No, because nearly all electricity generation infrastructure and fuel is produced in the U. Is the percentage of domestic content in wind turbines and solar panels higher than it is in fossil, hydro, nuclear and biomass sources? Other costs include operating and maintenance, integration of wind and backup availability and decommissioning.
At local public hearings all sorts of statements are made. We find university-based research is best, but now even find citations to fabricated university-based research, or just plain junk-science. Need a system to vet what is reliable and is not reliable for purposes of local government making its findings of fact.
Undeveloped hydropower untilizing existing dams in the state has not been really looked at or given the consideration that wind, solar and biomass have.
Ending Dirty Energy Policy
Michigan's dirty coal plants emit dangerous levels of mercury, sulfur dioxide and arsenic. The use of renewable energy can significantly reduce public health costs and climate change damages for Michigan residents. Public health and climate change should be our primary consideration before any other issue. For reliability, stability, forecast ability, proximity to load centers, and economics, wind power is a poor choice for large-scale power production.
Although this report specifically relates to jobs and the federal Production Tax Credit PRC extension, there are important factors to consider at the State level in the choice of energy generation alternatives. The transition to clean energy is inevitable. Yet the sooner we embark on it the better because the economic and environmental costs of climate destabilization will increase in severity with each year that we delay. Economic arguments against taking action are shortsighted and often promulgated by industries benefitting from the status quo of fossil fuel dependency.