Vexed by his father's treatment, Absalom devoted himself for the next four years to seducing the people and finally had himself proclaimed king at Hebron.
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David was taken by surprise and was forced to flee from Jerusalem. The circumstances of his flight are narrated in Scripture with great simplicity and pathos. Absalom's disregard of the counsel of Achitophel and his consequent delay in the pursuit of the king made it possible for the latter to gather his forces and win a victory at Manahaim, where Absalom was killed. David returned in triumph to Jerusalem. A further rebellion under Seba at the Jordan was quickly suppressed.
At this point in the narrative of 2 Samuel we read that "there was a famine in the days of David for three years successively", in punishment for Saul's sin against the Gabaonites. At their request seven of Saul's race were delivered up to be crucified. It is not possible to fix the exact date of the famine. On other occasions David showed great compassion for the descendants of Saul, especially for Miphiboseth, the son of his friend Jonathan.
After a brief mention of four expeditions against the Philistines , the sacred writer records a sin of pride on David's part in his resolution to take a census of the people. As a penance for this sin , he was allowed to choose either a famine, an unsuccessful war , or pestilence.
David chose the third and in three days 70, died. When the angel was about to strike Jerusalem , God was moved to pity and stayed the pestilence.
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David was commanded to offer sacrifice at the threshing-floor of Areuna, the site of the future temple. The last days of David were disturbed by the ambition of Adonias, whose plans for the succession were frustrated by Nathan, the prophet , and Bethsabee, the mother of Solomon. The son who was born after David's repentance was chosen in preference to his older brothers. To make sure that Solomon would succeed to the throne, David had him publicly anointed. The last recorded words of the aged king are an exhortation to Solomon to be faithful to God , to reward loyal servants, and to punish the wicked.
David died at the age of seventy, having reigned in Jerusalem thirty-three years. He was buried on Mount Sion. Peter spoke of his tomb as still in existence on the day of Pentecost, when the Holy Ghost descended on the Apostles Acts David is honoured by the Church as a saint.
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He is mentioned in the Roman Martyrology on 29 December. The historical character of the narratives of David's life has been attacked chiefly by writers who have disregarded the purpose of the narrator in I Par. He passes over those events that are not connected with the history of the Ark. In the Books of Kings all the chief events, good and bad, are narrated. The Bible records David's sins and weaknesses without excuse or palliation, but it also records his repentance, his acts of virtue, his generosity towards Saul, his great faith , and his piety.
Critics who have harshly criticized his character have not considered the difficult circumstances in which he lived or the manners of his age.
It is uncritical and unscientific to exaggerate his faults or to imagine that the whole history is a series of myths. The life of David was an important epoch in the history of Israel. He was the real founder of the monarchy, the head of the dynasty. Chosen by God "as a man according to His own heart", David was tried in the school of suffering during the days of exile and developed into a military leader of renown.
To him was due the complete organization of the army.
He gave Israel a capital, a court, a great centre of religious worship. The little band at Odollam became the nucleus of an efficient force. When he became King of all Israel there were , men under his command. At the census 1,, were enumerated capable of bearing arms.
A standing army, consisting of twelve corps, each 24, men, took turns in serving for a month at a time as the garrison of Jerusalem. The administration of his palace and his kingdom demanded a large retinue of servants and officials.
Their various offices are set down in 1 Chronicles The king himself exercised the office of judge, though Levites were later appointed for this purpose, as well as other minor officials. When the Ark had been brought to Jerusalem, David undertook the organization of religious worship. The sacred functions were entrusted to 24, Levites ; 6, of these were scribes and judges, were porters, and singers.
He arranged the various parts of the ritual, allotting to each section its tasks.
The priests were divided into twenty-four families ; the musicians into twenty-four choirs. To Solomon had been reserved the privilege of building God's house , but David made ample preparations for the work by amassing treasures and materials, as well as by transmitting to his son a plan for the building and all its details.
We are told in I Par. The prominent part played by song and music in the worship of the temple, as arranged by David, is readily explained by his poetic and musical abilities. His skill in music is recorded in 1 Samuel and Amos Poems of his composition are found in 2 Samuel 1 , 3 , 22 , Regards , Martin Johann. We are all on a mission. Listeners should experience audio in a harmonized way, without constantly adjusting the volume. Here is a free service for media professionals and other audio lovers to analyze the loudness levels of an audio file according to the EBU R loudness recommendation.
Cancel reply Question Name Email. Best wishes Halfdan Bleken Hi I've used your loudness service in the past - it's great. Cancel reply Feedback Name Email. For this purpose, he was given a block of marble which Agostino di Duccio had already attempted to fashion forty years previously, perhaps with the same subject in mind.
Michelangelo breaks away from the traditional way of representing David. He does not present us with the winner, the giant's head at his feet and the powerful sword in his hand, but portrays the youth in the phase immediately preceding the battle: perhaps he has caught him just in the moment when he has heard that his people are hesitating, and he sees Goliath jeering and mocking them.
The artist places him in the most perfect " contraposto", as in the most beautiful Greek representations of heroes. The right-hand side of the statue is smooth and composed while the left-side, from the outstretched foot all the way up to the disheveled hair is openly active and dynamic. The muscles and the tendons are developed only to the point where they can still be interpreted as the perfect instrument for a strong will, and not to the point of becoming individual self-governing forms. The David strikes a simple pose: given its size, any stronger action pose risked compromising balance.
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At all events, it was an extraordinary accomplishment to have extracted so noble and animated a figure out from such a disproportionately flat rectangular mass. Supporting his body with the right leg and carrying the left leg forward, the almost divine young hero lets his right hand fall to thigh level as he flexes in the other to shoulder height.
His face is bold yet thoughtful: he is defiantly awaiting his adversary and calmly sizing up his chances like a true Florentine as he plans an attack of questionable loyalty. David struck like lightning.